If you are willing to choose software testing as your career then read this first!
Lately, I have been getting many queries about Software Testing as a Career. Should one select Software Testing as a career? How to switch to Software Testing from other job experience? Which institute should I join for a Testing course? Let me try to answer all these queries.
Software Testing careers can be defined as the efforts that involve in making a product bug-free, matching the given functional requirements, ensuring logical efficiency coverage, by a series of verification and validation processes. For a person to take this as a career path, it is essential to have some specific skills like good analytical sense, basic knowledge of testing concepts, competent in communication and task management and a minimum of a bachelor's degree with computer science as major. A Software Tester's career flow starts from Associate Tester, through Test Execution Analyst, Senior Tester, Technical Testing Lead, Test Manager, while the titles may vary from organization to organization.
In the Software testing, there are two terms used: QA(Quality Assurance) and Testing. Quality Assurance is basically a process of activities designed to ensure the system will meet its objectives & create quality software. QA process is much more about giving continuous monitoring and consistent improvement and maintenance of the process. QA is used to set up the process for the prevention of bugs appearing, Testing activity is basically called the 'Quality Control' which is used to measures the quality of the product. Testing is Identification or uncovering the bugs before moving to actual users.
Software Testing is done in each phase of product life cycle i.e from requirement specifications, design, coding, to user acceptance. Many complex software structures require in-depth analytical and technical skill to test the applications. Knowledge of programming languages is required for Unit testing, scripting skill essential for Automation testing.
Non-Technical SkillsFollowing non-technical skills are essential to become a good Software quality tester.
A good software tester should have sharp analytical skills. Analytical skills will help break up a complex software system into smaller units to gain a better understanding and create test cases.
A good software tester must have good verbal and written communication skill. Testing artifacts (like test cases/plans, test strategies, bug reports, etc.) created by the software tester should be easy to read and comprehend. Dealing with developers (in the event of bugs or any other issue) will require a shade of discreetness and diplomacy.
Time Management & Organization Skills
Testing at times could be a demanding job especially during the release of code. A software tester must efficiently manage workload, have high productivity, exhibit optimal time management, and organization skills. They often work under tight time constraints.
To be a good software tester you must have a good attitude. An attitude to 'test to break', detail orientation, willingness to learn and suggest process improvements. In the software industry, technologies evolve with an overwhelming speed, and a good software tester should upgrade his/her technical Software testing skills with the changing technologies. Your attitude must reflect a certain degree of independence where you take ownership of the task allocated and complete it without much direct supervision.
To Excel in any profession or job, one must have a significant degree of the passion for it. A software tester must have a passion for his / her field. But how do you determine whether you have a passion for software testing if you have never tested before? As a child did you like to find the 5 disparities in two given very similar pictures ? Do you like to fiddle with Options/Settings of newly installed softwares ?